در دهه ی1960 دکتر هری کولر اسپره های سیانواکریلیت را در زمان جنگ ویتنام برای استفاده در میدان جنگ تهیه کرد این اسپری ها زخم را به سرعت می بستند تا مجروحین سریعا منتقل و درمان شوند که امروزه درماباند و اینترمیل به طور گسترده در داروهای مخصوص جراحی و موارد اورژانس مورد استفاده قرار میگیرند .
این چسب برای بهبود زخم ها به جای نخ بخیه استفاده میشوند و . . .
DERMABOND ADVANCED™ Topical Skin Adhesive is a sterile, liquid topical skin adhesive containing a monomeric (2-octyl
cyanoacrylate) formulation and the colorant D & C Violet #2. It is provided as a single-use applicator in a blister package. The pen style
applicator is composed of a crushable ampoule contained within a plastic applicator. As it is applied to the skin, the liquid is syrup-like
in viscosity and polymerizes within minutes. Studies have shown that following application, DERMABOND ADVANCED™ Adhesive acts
as a barrier to prevent microbial penetration as long as the adhesive remains. See DIRECTIONS FOR USE.
DERMABOND ADVANCED™ Adhesive is intended for topical application only, to hold closed easily approximated skin edges of wounds
from surgical incisions, including incisions from minimally invasive surgery, and simple, thoroughly cleansed, trauma-induced
lacerations. DERMABOND ADVANCED™ Adhesive may be used in conjunction with, but not in place of, deep dermal stitches.
nDo not use on any wound with evidence of active infection, gangrene, or wounds of decubitus etiology.
nDo not use on mucosal surfaces or across mucocutaneous junctions (e.g., oral cavity, lips), or on skin which may be regularly exposed
to body fluids or with dense natural hair.
nDo not use on patients with a known hypersensitivity to cyanoacrylate or formaldehyde.
nDERMABOND ADVANCED™ Adhesive is a fast setting adhesive capable of adhering to most body tissue and many other materials,
such as surgical gloves and stainless steel. Inadvertent contact with any body tissue, and any surfaces or equipment that are not
disposable or that cannot be readily cleaned with a solvent such as acetone should be avoided.
nPolymerization of DERMABOND ADVANCED™ Adhesive may be accelerated by water or fluids containing alcohol. DERMABOND
ADVANCED™ Adhesive should not be applied to wet wounds.
nDERMABOND ADVANCED™ Adhesive should not be applied to the eye. If contact with the eye occurs, flush the eye copiously with
saline or water. If residual adhesive remains, apply topical ophthalmic ointment to help loosen the bond and contact an
nWhen closing facial wounds near the eye with DERMABOND ADVANCED™ Adhesive, position the patient so that any runoff of
adhesive is away from the eye. The eye should be closed and protected with gauze. Prophylactic placement of petroleum jelly around
the eye, to act as a mechanical barrier or dam, can be effective in preventing inadvertent flow of adhesive into the eye.
DERMABOND ADVANCED™ Adhesive will not adhere to skin pre-coated with petroleum jelly. Therefore, avoid using petroleum jelly
on any skin area where DERMABOND ADVANCED™ Adhesive is intended to adhere.
nDERMABOND ADVANCED™ Adhesive should not be used below the skin because the polymerized material is not absorbed by tissue
and can elicit a foreign body reaction. Avoid excessive pressure of the applicator tip against wound edges or surrounding skin. This
can force the wound edges apart and allow adhesive into the wound. DERMABOND ADVANCED™ Adhesive should be applied with a
light brushing motion of the applicator tip over easily approximated wound edges.
nDERMABOND ADVANCED™ Adhesive should not be used in areas of high skin tension or across areas in which tension may
increase, such as knuckles, elbows, or knees, unless the joint will be immobilized during the skin healing period or unless skin
tension has been removed by application of another wound closure device (e.g., sutures or skin staples) prior to application of
DERMABOND ADVANCED™ Adhesive.
nAs with all wounds, DERMABOND ADVANCED™ Adhesive treated wounds should be monitored for signs of infection. Wounds with
signs of infection, such as erythema, edema, warmth, pain, and purulent exudate, should be evaluated and treated according to
standard practice for infection.
nDERMABOND ADVANCED™ Adhesive should not be used on wound sites that will be subjected to repeated or prolonged moisture or
TMINSTRUCTIONS FOR USE
nDERMABOND ADVANCED™ Adhesive should only be used after wounds have been thoroughly and adequately cleaned and debrided
in accordance with standard surgical practice.
nDERMABOND ADVANCED™ Adhesive polymerizes through an exothermic reaction in which a small amount of heat is released
sometimes resulting in a sensation of warmth. Applying DERMABOND ADVANCED™ Adhesive in one continuous layer onto a dry
wound and allowing time for polymerization, will minimize the warm sensation.
nDERMABOND ADVANCED™ Adhesive is packaged for single patient use. Discard remaining opened material after each wound
nDo not resterilize DERMABOND ADVANCED™ Adhesive.
nDo not place DERMABOND ADVANCED™ Adhesive in a procedure pack/tray that will be sterilized prior to use. Exposure of
DERMABOND ADVANCED™ Adhesive, to excessive heat (as in autoclaves or ethylene oxide sterilization) or radiation (such as
gamma or electron beam) will increase its viscosity and may render the product unusable.
nDo not apply liquid or ointment medications or other substances to the wound after closure with DERMABOND ADVANCED™
Adhesive, as these substances can weaken the polymerized film and allow for skin edge separation. Prior to application, cleanse the
application site thoroughly to remove any remaining topical medications/anesthetics.
nDERMABOND ADVANCED™ Adhesive, as a liquid, is syruplike in viscosity. To prevent inadvertent flow of liquid DERMABOND
ADVANCED™ Adhesive to unintended areas, the wound should be maintained in a horizontal position, with DERMABOND
ADVANCED™ Adhesive applied from above.
nDERMABOND ADVANCED™ Adhesive should be used immediately after crushing ampoule because the adhesive will polymerize in
the applicator, rendering the device unusable.
nIf unintended bonding of intact skin occurs, peel the adhesive from the skin, but do not pull the skin edges apart. Petroleum jelly or
acetone may help loosen the bond. Other agents such as water, saline, or soap are not expected to immediately loosen the bond.
nReactions may occur in patients who are hypersensitive to cyanoacrylate or formaldehyde. See CONTRAINDICATIONS.
nAdverse reactions may be experienced following contact with the eye.
DIRECTIONS FOR USE
1.The application of DERMABOND ADVANCED™ Adhesive requires thorough wound cleansing. Follow standard surgical practice for
wound preparation before application of DERMABOND ADVANCED™ Adhesive (i.e., anesthetize, irrigate, debride, assure
hemostasis, and close deep layers making sure that the wound edges can be easily approximated).
2.Pat the wound dry with dry, sterile gauze to assure direct contact of the DERMABOND ADVANCED™ Adhesive to the skin. Moisture
accelerates DERMABOND ADVANCED™ Adhesive’s polymerization and may affect wound closure results.
3.To prevent inadvertent flow of liquid DERMABOND ADVANCED™ Adhesive to unintended areas of the body, the wound should be
maintained in a horizontal position and the DERMABOND ADVANCED™ Adhesive should be applied from above the wound.
4.DERMABOND ADVANCED™ Adhesive should be used immediately after crushing the ampoule, since the liquid DERMABOND
ADVANCED™ Adhesive will flow freely from the tip for only a few minutes.
5.Refer to the instructions on the package for crushing the ampoule and expressing the liquid adhesive. Remove the applicator from the
blister package. Hold the applicator with the thumb and a finger, away from the patient to prevent any unintentional placement of
the liquid DERMABOND ADVANCED™ Adhesive into the wound or on the patient. With the applicator tip pointing downward, apply
pressure at the midpoint of the bulb to crush the ampoule. Gently squeeze the applicator sufficiently to moisten the internal filter
with the liquid adhesive. Stop squeezing and allow the liquid DERMABOND ADVANCED™ Adhesive to draw back into the applicator.
6.Approximate the wound edges with gloved fingers or sterile forceps. Slowly apply the liquid DERMABOND ADVANCED™ Adhesive in
one continuous layer to the surface of the approximated wound edges using a gentle brushing motion. Maintain manual
approximation of the wound edges for approximately 60 seconds after the application. The width of the layer can be increased or
decreased by adjusting the amount of pressure applied to the bulb during application. Full apposition strength is expected to be
achieved within minutes after the adhesive is applied. Full polymerization is expected when the DERMABOND ADVANCED™
Adhesive layer is no longer sticky.
7.Do not apply liquid or ointment medications onto wounds closed with DERMABOND ADVANCED™ Adhesive because these
substances can weaken the polymerized film, leading to skin edge separation.
8.Protective dry dressings such as gauze may be applied only after DERMABOND ADVANCED™ Adhesive film is completely
polymerized: not tacky to the touch after a few minutes. Allow the DERMABOND ADVANCED™ Adhesive to fully polymerize before
applying a bandage.
9.Patients should be instructed to not pick at the polymerized film of DERMABOND ADVANCED™ Adhesive. Picking at the film can
disrupt its adhesion to the skin and cause skin edge separation.
10.Patients should be instructed that until the polymerized film of DERMABOND ADVANCED™ Adhesive has sloughed naturally
(usually in 5–10 days), there should be only transient wetting of the treatment site. Patients may immediately shower or bathe the
site gently as directed by their physician. The site should not be scrubbed, soaked, or exposed to prolonged wetness until after the
film has sloughed naturally and the physician has determined that the wound is adequately healed. Patients should be instructed
not to swim during this period.
11.If removal of DERMABOND ADVANCED™ Adhesive is necessary for any reason, carefully apply petroleum jelly or acetone to the
DERMABOND ADVANCED™ Adhesive film to help loosen the bond. Peel off the film; do not pull the skin edges apart.
DERMABOND ADVANCED™ Adhesive is supplied sterile, in a pre-filled, single-use applicator. The pen style applicator consists of a
crushable ampoule contained within a plastic applicator. The applicator contains the liquid adhesive. The applicator is supplied in a
blister package to maintain the sterility of the device until opened or damaged. DERMABOND ADVANCED™ Adhesive is available in
boxes of 6 or 12 applicators.
Recommended storage conditions: below 30°C, 86°F, away from moisture, direct heat, and direct light. Do not use after expiry date.
DERMABOND ADVANCED™ Adhesive has been sterilized by dry heat and ethylene oxide gas. Do not resterilize. Do not use if package
is opened or damaged. Discard any unused material following completion of each medical procedure.
STERILE SINGLE USE ONLY
Physicians should use the following toll-free number 1-800-255-2500 (valid in U.S.A. only), when reporting adverse reactions or
potentially threatening complications involving DERMABOND ADVANCED™ Adhesive.
طبقه بندی: علمی پژوهشی،